Kottayam has an average elevation of 3 metres (9.8 ft) above sea level. and is situated in the basin of the Meenachil River and in the basin of the Vembanad backwaters, which are formed from several streams in the Western Ghats in Idukki district. According to the division of places in Kerala based on altitudes, Kottayam is classified as being a midland area. The general soil type is alluvial soil. The vegetation is mainly tropical evergreen and moist deciduous type.
Other topographic maps
Click on a map to view its topography, its elevation and its terrain.